Impact panels and fences are non-porous, waterproof and shockproof, so they are easier to clean, less susceptible to pathogens and less durable in terms of normal wear and tear. For example, some hospitals can make half the height of a wall out of a hard surface or hygienic panels to protect the bottom of the wall from parapets and equipment, and the top of the wall can be covered with epoxy resin. Many hospitals combine hygienic wall panels and panels made of hard plastic or stainless steel with other materials to maximize the benefits of the selected panels, control costs or even for aesthetic reasons. Ultimately, developers are responsible for providing the knowledge necessary to provide solutions that help hospitals eliminate medical errors, patient injuries, falls and health-related infections by finding clean, durable surfaces that offer additional benefits over the life course to create and promote the safest possible operating environment. Wall panels are available in a variety of options and materials that make them popular in terms of cost and durability. They can also be welded to an integrated base, which is formed when the floor surface extends a few centimetres along the wall to prevent the formation of joints at the base and reduce sharp edges. Environmental personnel should be consulted on cleaning practices and preferential handling of chemicals to determine which option of wax-free rubber flooring is best suited to hospital cleaning protocols. However, epoxy paint is not impact resistant and therefore less durable than other materials, except when used in combination with a gypsum plasterboard that is resistant to misuse, which can result in additional costs. Designers have several options for determining wall coverings, including paints, panels and hard coverings. The hard surface is non-porous, weldable and resistant to wear, mold and mold, making it a strong competitor in terms of durability and ease of cleaning. Since operating theatres are used for many hours and are subject to heavy wear, it is important that maintenance and replacement of the floor be done quickly and easily to reduce downtime and keep the surface hygienic. On the other hand, rigid plastic wall protection panels are an economical option. The epoxy lacquer is economical and easy to clean as it withstands the hot water and strong detergents required to clean after each operation without damaging the surface. Another simple and affordable option is a wax-free rubber floor, but it is important to choose an option that is highly resistant to dirt and chemicals to ensure maximum flexibility and durability. The designer’s ability to convey the benefits of different materials and information about long-term maintenance will help hospital management to find the solutions that best meet their goals and needs.